What is 5G?

Bilal Maqsood, a telecommunications expert affiliated with another mobile company, said that the progress made as a result of research in the field of communication is divided into generations.

He described it this way: The technology that was introduced commercially in the late ’80s or early’ 90s was analog and only voice could be transmitted from one mobile set to another. ۔ It’s called First Generation or 1G. ”

Bilal Maqsood added that text messages were also being sent to mobile phones through second-generation (2G) while the internet was introduced in third-generation (3G) and fourth-generation (4G) systems for playing videos and moving from one place to another. Also supports sending.

Regarding the 5G network, Farman Elahi said that the speed of the internet in 5G will be very fast but it is not just speed, but in it, you can connect a lot of things in your surroundings with mobile phones. You can operate your AC, refrigerator, car, and many other electronic devices by simply connecting them to a mobile device running 5G.

Farman Elahi said that a mobile company operating in Pakistan has been able to run 5G up to one gigabyte in the pilot phase.

Muhammad Amin, a Pakistani businessman who recently returned from Shanghai, China, told Independent Urdu that payments are also made to stallholders through mobile phones and this is thanks to 5G.

  • 1G: Mobile voice calls

  • 2G: Mobile voice calls and SMS

  • 3G: Mobile web browsing

  • 4G: Portable video utilization and higher information speed

  • 5G: Technology to serve consumers and digitalization of industries.

Benefits of 5G:

According to a study published in the International Journal of Scientific Engineering and Technology, the features of the 5G network include minimal signal delays, 100 times faster internet than 4G, faster data transfer, lower battery usage, and higher security. The mobile set includes 100% more storage capacity than the current one.

The benefits of 5G for the average mobile user can be explained by the fact that you can download or upload even the largest videos in just a few seconds.

However, due to the specific features of 5G, it has many other advantages, some of which are as follows:

  1. Remote Surgery: It has been mentioned above that thanks to the  5G network, surgery, and examination of patients will be possible from thousands of kilometers away. Software engineer Abbas Haider said that many Pakistanis will not have to go abroad for treatment, all the surgeries and other medical procedures can be performed by the same doctors sitting here.
  2. Vehicles without a driver: Telecommunications expert Bilal Maqsood, citing an example, said that a person sitting in Islamabad would be able to drive his truck on the streets of Karachi with the help of a mobile phone and there would be no driver in the truck. According to an American magazine, Uber and Google have started raising funds to make driverless cars and Uber plans to produce 75,000 such vehicles by 2022.
  3. Drones: 5G will further highlight the true potential of drones. Intel’s director of market development told the American magazine that the use of 5G would enable the drone to fly over the oil well in a much better way while also sending very high-quality images.
  4. Broadband: The quality of Internet broadband for homes and offices will also increase significantly. Due to the speed of 5G, downloading will be faster while the image will be better and closer to the original.

Objections to 5G:

While many benefits of the 5G network are mentioned, there are also some objections and concerns.

When software engineer Abbas Haider was asked about the problems with the 5G signal, he said that when the first generations came, they also had problems, which were rectified over time.

Long antennas had to be installed on mobile sets, it’s all over now. Similarly, 5G will also improve over time.

On the question of whether mobile companies will provide a fixed speed of internet in case of a 5G network? Irfan Elahi replied that there is no need for such a high speed in Pakistan.

He revealed that even in the current 4G network, mobile companies are not giving full speed and the same will happen in the case of 5G.

He said that in fact, societies like Pakistan will get full momentum only when the rate of education increases, and there is awareness among the people about the use of the internet.

Explaining his point, he said that smartphones in Pakistan and their proper use is in big cities while most of the users use smartphones only for making calls.

He questioned why mobile companies can provide the full speed of the internet to the user in such a situation.

Will 5G be able to run on our mobile phones?

According to software engineer Abbas Haider: the 5G network will not be able to run on the mobile sets that are available in Pakistan now. There will be special mobile sets for it.

He said, “First of all, these portable sets will be costly,” Be that as it may, after some time, that is probably going to change.

Farman Elahi said that like everything new, the 5G network will be expensive in the beginning.

However, he hoped that in a few years, when the competition in the market will increase, the prices of the 5G network will definitely come down.

5G technology in UAE

The super fast cellular network technology that we have boasts up to 20x the speed

Jumeirah Lakes Towers (JLT), one of New Dubai’s largest residential areas, is set to become the first district in the emirate to run on 5G, it was announced in October. Once the first phase of JLT begins, more than 16,000 companies and 100,000 people will be able to benefit from the 5G network.

Both Etisalat and Dow have developed a fifth-generation network in the UAE. Both telecom companies have also announced plans to expand the service.

5G is a super-fast fifth-generation cellular network technology that will make our download speeds 10 to 20 times faster.

On October 19, 2019, Etisalat successfully completed its first end-to-end and 5-stand call experiment in the region, becoming the first operator in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region.

Both Etisalat and Dow have launched fifth-generation (5G) networks. The end of this next technological revolution in mobile broadband communications is expected to boost the UAE economy, with the strongest impact felt on healthcare, manufacturing, banking, education, and retail.

Is 5G technology harmful to health?

Preparations are underway to introduce the fifth-generation (5G) mobile phone network, not only in Germany but around the world. Learn about the effects of mobile phone radiation on human health, especially on children.

The fifth generation of the mobile phone network, the 5G, will use high frequency and bandwidth. This will allow users to download and upload data many times faster than in the past. This technology can transmit ten gigabytes per second.

Until now, frequencies ranging from 700 MHz to 6 GHz were used for GNets, but now the 5G uses frequencies between 28 and 100 GHz. By comparison, this means that 4G Internet was ten times faster than 3G, but 5G will work a thousand times faster than 4G. Swedish telecommunications company Ericsson estimates that in 2014, 40% of the world’s population will use 5G technology.

Should we be worried about 5G?

Recently, about 250 scientists from around the world filed a petition at the United Nations, which was also signed by the World Health Organization (WHO). In it, experts warn that radiation from smartphones or radio antennas produces an electromagnetic field (EMF), which increases the risk of cancer. It also includes the fact that the radiation emitted from mobile phones affects human behavior as well as the nervous system.

Numerous scientific studies related to 2G, 3G, and 4G further shed light on the effects of electromagnetic fields on human health. Such studies have also shown that the signals from smartphones can cause stress as well as damage to sperm, the reproductive system, electrical changes in the human brain, and DNA.

Scientists have warned that not only humans but also animals and plants are being affected by electromagnetic radiation. Sarah Dryson is involved in the field of electromagnetism and environmental compatibility at the famous Aachen University in Germany. He cited an American study that found that rats were exposed to an electromagnetic field for about nine hours a day for two years. In two years, the rats’ nervous system, brain, heart, and reproductive system underwent changes.

Talking to DW, he added, “If the waves were even stronger in millimeters, as is happening in the Five G, the situation would be more serious than ever.” Warn of the dangers posed. Children’s skulls are smaller and their bones are weaker, so these rays have a greater effect on them.

In Germany, meanwhile, the Federal Office for the Protection of Radiation (BFS) has called for basic research into the dangers of 5G technologies to human health, as it could soon be introduced in the country.

Directs Internet companies to provide 5G network

The Saudi Majlis-e-Shura has instructed Internet service providers to expand 5G networks.

According to the Saudi Press Agency, the Majlis-e-Shura has also directed the Information and Communication Commission to provide necessary facilities to the Internet service providers.

The council said that in order to make the 5G network public, companies should be allowed to install their installations and necessary equipment in public places, municipal properties, and other necessary places.

The council has asked internet service providers to provide 5G networks to ordinary consumers at reasonable prices.

The Shura has asked the Information and Communication Commission, in collaboration with King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology and Cybercrime, to build a solid infrastructure for the Internet network in Saudi Arabia so that the facility can reach users at any time without interruption.

China is at the forefront of 5G technology.

The next generation of wireless technology claims to provide high-speed internet using less energy. That’s why Beijing is vying for the technology.

Feng Shen District is a small town in southeastern Beijing that was once famous for its petrochemical and steel factories. Today, however, the district is part of a mobile technology revolution that has engulfed the whole of China. The world’s largest 5G technology network is being set up in the town.

Last year, the Feng Shen government and China Mobile, China’s largest mobile operator, installed 5G towers on a 6-mile (10-kilometer) road. Since September 2018, companies have been using these wireless connections to test wireless communications between automated vehicles and their surroundings. This 5G network transmits data from roadside video cameras, vehicle sensors, and roadside sensors to a local data center, where the information is analyzed, which is then used in navigation. Sent to vehicles for assistance.

How is all this possible with 5G? Unlike previous generations of mobile technology, which introduced only one feature at a time (in 1G you could talk on the phone on the go, with 2G technology you could send text messages, 3G because we have the Internet Began to use, and 4G gave us the ability to stream), 5G technology will introduce many dramatic features. With this technology, 100 times faster than 4G will be possible, and processing delays will be eliminated. In addition, the technology was invented to connect billions of machines and sensors at low cost without sucking the battery, making the advancement of the Internet of Things possible.

China knows this very well. In its Thirteenth Five-Year Plan, the government identified 5G technology as an emerging industry and essential sector for growth, and in Made in China 2025, which calls for China to surpass the rest of the world in terms of global creativity. Outlining the target, the Chinese government has pledged to make “new discoveries in fifth-generation mobile communications.”

It is clear that China is determined to make this technology success and that too on a large scale. But what does all this mean?

Why is China working so hard on 5G technology?

One reason for this is national dignity. This is a great opportunity for China to make a name for itself in the field of 5G global wireless technology. European countries were the first to adopt 2G technology in the 1990s, Japan laid the foundations for 3G in the 2000s, and the United States was instrumental in launching 4G in 2011. Now it’s China’s turn. In an interview, Jianzhou Wang, former chairman of China Mobile, China’s largest mobile phone company, described the journey of China’s mobile infrastructure from 1G to 5G as a “nothing more than a journey”.

Another reason is money. According to the Chinese government, 5G technology is very important for the country’s tech sector and economy. After years of copying tech products, Chinese tech companies now want to become billionaires like Apple or Microsoft.

According to the China Academy of Information and Communication Technology (CAICT), a state-run research institute, 5G technology will create more than 800,000 jobs nationwide by 2030. He says big industries like energy and healthcare will spend billions of dollars on 5G devices and wireless services.

How is China making 5G Technology?

The Chinese government operates three mobile operators (China Mobile, China Telecom, and China Unicom), and has them implement large-scale 5G test networks in dozens of cities, including Beijing, Shanghai, and Shen Zhen. I am guiding. According to China Mobile, their tests are the world’s largest 5G trial network.

Under the guidance of the government, Chinese companies started conducting research on 5G technology in 2013 and conducting technical trials on related technologies in 2016. Chris Lane, a research analyst at investment management firm Sanford C. Bernstein, stated: “Most worldwide telecom organizations see rivalry and don’t contribute excessively quick, however, Chinese administrators have their own specific manner to actualize government strategy. We comprehend the duty. ”

Beijing has also pledged to provide a 5G spectrum to Chinese operators. In contrast, operators in the United States and other countries need to pay billions of dollars to regulators to obtain a spectrum. These radio frequencies carry wireless signals and are essential for mobile phone support, especially 5G, which will require ample bandwidth to provide high-speed Internet to users.

How will this be possible in China?

China’s first 5G technologies are intended to be used in smart cities and connected vehicles. A very good example of this is the city of Sheung An, which the government is building 80 miles (129 kilometers) from Beijing. China Mobile and China Telecom have already set up test networks here. Companies such as the web company Baidu are using these networks to Livestream events in virtual reality and to enable automated vehicle transmission of data in Feng Shen to avoid accidents. Local authorities are pushing for applications related to telemedicine and civic infrastructure, and Chinese companies want to add connectivity and intelligence to factory equipment with the help of 5G technology.

Paul Trevolo, a global technology policy analyst for the Eurasia Group, a political risk consultancy, says: “There is a lot of chaos in Chinese cities. The government believes that 5G technology will help it improve traffic and make cities more livable. It will help. ”

How will Chinese businesses benefit?

Access to robust 5G networks will greatly benefit China in developing and monetizing the services they use, just as Silicon Valley benefited from apps such as Instagram, Uber, and YouTube after the introduction of 4G networks. ۔ The United States was the first country to introduce 4G on a large scale, and American companies took advantage of this to make their apps famous all over the world. Similarly, Shen Zhein, the creative center of China, can also take advantage of 5G to connect a large number of devices to the cloud and spread the Internet of Things.

Will America be left behind this technology?

It all depends on the definition of the 5G race. The United States has lagged far behind China in terms of launching any trading facility. Verizon began selling its 5G service in the form of a wireless form of wired broadband for homes and offices in four US cities in October. AT&T also plans to introduce mobile 5G services in 12 cities, and T-Mobile and Sprint will turn on 5G networks by 2019. In contrast, China has no plans to introduce 5G by 2020.

However, if you consider the introduction of 5G in all major cities as development, then China has a great potential to move forward. China Tower, a company that builds infrastructure for Chinese mobile operators, can provide 5G technology across the country within three years of the government allocating spectrum. If that happens, 5G coverage will be available across the country by 2023.

The United States will need more infrastructures, and the process will take longer. According to Mike Murphy, head of global 5G technology for Nokia, Chinese carriers will use the same spectrum band as they did for 3G and 4G technology, allowing them to use existing cell sites. Will be possible, However, in the United States, AT&T and Verizon are using high-frequency bands that will be unable to travel signals over long distances and will require three to four times more cell sites than 4G. These carriers will have to make deals to set up sites in every city, and they are facing resistance.

Device manufacturers believe that China will soon be able to introduce 5G technology. “History has shown that Chinese operators are rapidly expanding their capabilities,” said Thomas Noreen, who spearheaded efforts to commercialize 5G at Ericsson, a mobile network equipment maker. They have already built far more extensive 4G networks than the United States. ”

However, the scale of the network alone will not determine success.

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